A study by Karl Kapp and Robyn Defelice (Kapp is the author of bestselling “The Gamification of eLearning and Instruction”) demonstrates the timeframes for producing one hour of distance learning materials and shows that it takes 90-240 hours on average. Another research by Chapman Alliance conducted back in 2010 states that an hour of eLearning costs ~$10,000 to produce. (This goes for basic course interactivity and media richness level; more features — more time and money).
However, there are 2 points to consider:
- The results of these researchers are outdated a bit
- These numbers are covering overall costs but sometimes it’s crucial to understand more detailed structure of estimates of producing a distance learning
Here’s what we are going to share with you:
- Updated data (as of January 2019) on the timeframes and costs of online course design and development from scratch to deployment
- Dissected data for each stage of the process: roles, timeframes, costs
The information is based on research of open data sources like Wikipedia, existing research results, and our experience.
eLearning costs estimates: it all depends on the model
The online course design and development costs depend heavily on the instructional design model chosen. In this article we depict one of the most widespread and efficient instructional design and development approaches — the ADDIE model:
- Analysis — market (is there a granted demand for the course or should it be marketed as any other commodity), competition (what other courses are available on the subject and how are they promoted) and content analysis (is there a content ready to use, and if not — how much will it cost to produce it)
- Design — designing the distance learning materials following the instructional design best practices
- Development — writing lecture notes, practical tasks, and quizzes, creating graphs, diagrams, video materials, etc.
- Implementation — uploading the online course content into an LMS of your choice; organizing it into an online course; QA of the ready product, including the pilot run; deploying the LMS if need be
- Evaluation — monitoring the course performance, feedback, and comments of learners; adjusting the content to reach maximum ROI
Online course creation by this model requires the involvement of such roles:
- SME’s — subject matter expert(s) (expertise owner, course text writer, lecturer)
- Instructional design (ID) team — content creation team (instructional designer, psycholinguist, graphic designer, video operator, director, video editor)
- PM — project management team (course owner, project manager)
- TSS — technical staff specialists (content manager, QA specialist, DevOps)
We will describe a process of designing an online course, covering the A, D, D, and I points of ADDIE model. In this example we picture the course consisting of 1 hour of video content filled with texts, diagrams, graphs, quizzes, etc. To calculate the costs of creating an online course using the ADDIE model and the abovementioned team, we’ve researched and evaluated such stages:
- Research and analytical expenses
- Time and money invested in online course design
- Time and money invested in content development and implementation
We do not cover the costs of evaluation stage of the course design, as these vary depending on the course niche, LMS chosen and several other factors.
This illustration shows the core processes and roles in online course design and development:
Let’s take a closer look at the online course design and development process.
“A” stage: Research and Analytical Expenses
The course should be feasible, either from an economic or social-economic perspective (brand awareness growth, corporate culture improvement, employee onboarding training, non-profit initiatives, etc.). Therefore, before producing a course one should undertake such researches:
- Target audience research
- Research of current competition in the niche
- Exploration of preferred promotion channels
Broad estimates of analysis stage are shown in the table below:
We will describe the remaining stages in tables mostly, in order to be as brief and informative as possible. Hourly rates vary depending upon the team selection — composing the team on Upwork, hiring a contractor’s team to produce the content or working with individual experts. Average hourly rates are taken from Upwork, SalaryExpert.com, Indeed.com, and existing research results.
Here is the clarification of all tables’ contents:
- The rows highlighted in red are the fixed time and money investments that do not depend on the course length
- During the video production stage, we calculated only the video operator’s wage, equipment, and studio rental were excluded
- Video editing phase length depends heavily on the content richness - how many charts and diagrams, quizzes and questionnaires will be inserted.
“D stage”: Time and Money Invested in Online Course Design
Important note: Having a well-organized “face-to-face learning content” — rich with media, graphs, diagrams, and other learning materials that can be easily composed into a storyboard, infused with quizzes and transformed into an online course — helps cut down the expenses by up to 30%. As we all know, SME's time costs a lot, so use it wisely.
“D” stage: Time and Money Invested in eLearning Content Development
"I" stage: Course Content Deployment
Once the design and development stages of distance learning materials production are over, the course owner/content manager should deploy the content into the LMS of their choice and compile them into a ready online learning course. After that the quality assurance process begins, involving launching a pilot run of the course, testing it by several people (usually the project management team and/or some beta-testers chosen amongst students), gathering feedback and applying changes if need be.
If the course author wants to launch their own platform for the course, LMS setup costs are added to the check:
A couple more important aspects one needs to take into account:
- Some team roles can be combined (video operator, director, and video editor, for example), which leads to price decrease
- Some workflow phases can be combined (especially in the design stage), which leads to further time and price reduction
Considering these ways of reducing costs, “D, D, I” stages can be up to 30% cheaper.
The eLearning market changes, new trends, and technologies rise and the course should remain relevant. As we all know, even the most popular distance learning courses might need to be adjusted over time, if new breakthroughs occur in the subject matter, new data should be added or some statistics should be updated.
In short, distance learning courses should be regularly evaluated and updated if need be.Thus said, even when the course is published some additional expenses occur over time, though they are excluded from the scope of this article.
Finally, let’s take a look at the team’s overall involvement timeframes and rates:
To sum it up, here is what we can say about online course design and development costs and timeframes, based on our experience and recent research:
- 1 hour of ready online learning content takes 100-160 hours to produce
- 1 hour of ready eLearning content costs $7,830-$37,365 ($22,598 on average) to produce (if the job is done by skilled contractors, the costs can be lowered by up to 30%)
Just for comparison: the cost of producing 1 hour of ready online course content was $8,880-$28,640 ($18,760 on average) in January 2018, which means that creating an online course is now approximately 20% higher. The reason for such increase is that some specialists on Upwork raised their hourly rates, and expanded lists of their services. If you already sell online courses, consider updating your resources to optimize the costs. We should also mention that minimal course creation cost is decreased by 12% due to decreased specialists’ hourly rates on Indeed.com.
Notice! Online course development is a complex process, and the price of course creation can vary depending on learning platform, course content, eLearning industry, and other factors. If you want to get a detailed cost analysis research for your eLearning project, please feel free to ask us. We are always ready to help and improve the quality of our content.